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News Release

Warsaw

Excellent H1 2015 on Poland's industrial market

The market witnesses strong demand for warehouse space. Tenants from the logistics sector maintain their leadership, followed by retail chains and the automotive companies. New warehouse regions are on the rise. The market registers its lowest vacancy rat


 International advisory firm JLL summarizes H1 2015 and presents the key trends for the coming months for Poland's industrial market.

Tomasz Mika, Head of Industrial Poland, JLL, says: "In the first half of 2015 gross demand for warehouse space hit 1,17 million sq m, with 781,000 being new contracts. Strong results in H1 as well as continued interest from tenants allows us to assume that 2015 is in with a chance of being another record-breaking year for the Polish market and exceed 2014's excellent performance. Tenant demand has been matched by the immediate response from developers. Over 437,000 sq m of new industrial space was delivered within the first six months of 2015. An additional 672,000 sq m is currently under construction across Poland, 23% of which is being built on a speculative basis, without binding lease agreements."

Tenants take note of new locations

The highest net take up in H1 was recorded in Central Poland (20%), followed by Upper Silesia (15%), Poznań (14%) and Warsaw Suburbs (13%).

"Demand has become more and more geographically diverse, as still a few years ago the share of the five major regions[1] in net demand amounted to 80% – 90%, as opposed to H1 2015 when it dropped to 74%. Locations that were previously viewed as peripheral, such as Kraków or Szczecin, as well as those whose first commercial industrial space has only been developed recently, such as Lublin or Rzeszów, have gradually taken on greater importance," explains Jan Jakub Zombirt, Associate Director, Research and Consultancy at JLL.

The highest demand comes from logistics operators, who secured 229,000 sq m of new lease agreements (corresponding to the 29% share in the net take up), followed by retailers (26%) and the automotive sector (9%).

The largest lease transactions in H1 2015

TenantSectorParkLease TypeZoneArea (sq m)
Leroy Merlin RetailerStryków subregionNew deal Central Poland53 000
GoodyearAutomotiveTarnów Logistic ParkRenewal + Expansion Kraków56 000
JyskRetailerLogistic City New deal Central Poland40 000
FM LogisticLogistics operator P3 PiotrkówRenewal Central Poland37 000
TIM SAElectronics BTS TIMNew deal Wrocław30 000

Vacancy rates – the lowest since 2007

Since the end of 2013, vacancy rates have gradually declined. Total vacant space currently amounts to 686,000 sq m (7,4% - the lowest level since 2007). The lion's share in available warehouse space is to be found on mature markets, such as Warsaw Inner City (13.7%), and so- called emerging markets, such as Lublin (25.5%). According to http://www.warehousefinder.pl, the lowest vacancy is the case for Poznań (1.5%) and Wrocław (4.5%).

"Taking into account the current market situation we expect general vacancy rates to be below double digits over the next few quarters. Although we are recording growth in speculative projects, which now account for 23% of stock under construction, the market – driven by strong demand - should absorb that space relatively quickly", adds Tomasz Mika.

Developer activity – on the rise

In H1 2015, the supply of new warehouse space in Poland increased by 437,000 sq m, reflecting a 47% increase y-o-y. The largest projects delivered to market included an 82,000 sq m within Goodman Poznań Logistics Centre II and a 46,000 sq m P3 Mszczonów scheme. The majority of completions in H1 were delivered in the Poznań area (207,000 sq m) and Warsaw Suburbs (74,000 sq m).

Currently 672,000 sq m of warehouse space is under construction, with the majority (508 000 sq m) already pre-leased, while the remaining 154,000 sq m (23%) volume has been carried-out on a speculative basis.

"Increasingly more developments are being put together outside the major five regional markets, as almost 210,000 sq m is under construction in these locations, representing 31% of new supply. In these regional markets, the most active are Tri-City and Rzeszów, with supply under construction of 57 000 sq m and 49 000 sq m respectively", says Jan Zombirt.

Nearly half of Poland's industrial stock is currently in the hands of the three largest market players and their business partners. Prologis claims 24% of the stock, followed by SEGRO (11%) and Logicor (10%).

Rents                                      

The highest rents are typically a feature of Poland's urban markets. The most characteristic industrial format to be found in these locations are referred to as SBU (Small Business Units), projects which combine an office function with a small industrial (warehouse or production) component. Effective rents in these locations are €4.8/ sq m/ month in Warsaw, €3.8/ sq m/ month in Wrocław and  €3.7 / sq m/ month in Łódź.

The lower rents are quoted for 'Big Box' projects – located out -of -town. According to www.warehousefinder.pl, effective rents for 'Big Box' space in Poznań range between €2.15 to €3.0 / sq m/ month. Warsaw Suburbs offers space for €2.1 to €2.8 / sq m/ month, and Upper Silesia from €2.1 to €3.1 / sq m/ month. Rents in Central Poland are between €2.1 – €2.8 / sq m/ month, while in Wrocław they can be found from  €2.5 – €3.1 /sq m/ month.

Industrial land

"In H1 2015, prices for industrial land in major regions remained relatively stable. Improvement in infrastructure has had a positive effect on further development of the established industrial regions and the seeding of new ones. Lublin has emerged onto the warehouse map, with new logistic parks located near the S12 ring road. Completion of the next stages of the A4 highway and express ways around Rzeszów is also set to have a positive impact on development in this region. In addition, a new exit road from Warsaw towards Katowice has been opened and is planned to be extended. This may be an additional stimulus for initiating new industrial projects in the south-western part of Warsaw, says Agata Zając, Associate Director, Industrial Poland, JLL.



[1] Warsaw, Upper Silesia, Poznań, Central Poland, Wrocław